HCV

SUMMARY OF MONITORING FOR IDENTIFIED HIGH CONSERVATION VALUE (HCV) ATTRIBUTES

(PERIOD JAN-DEC 2018)

As part of the forest management certification process, Kapit FMU had to identify High Conservation Value sites as to provide management and monitoring recommendations to ensure that the forestry activities do not negatively impact HCVs attributes that were present. This assessment was conducted accordance to the Malaysian Toolkit for HCVF and Pro-forest Toolkit to interpret HCV definitions.

Under the Forest Management Certification under Criterion 9.4 which required the FMU to conduct annual monitoring to assess the effectiveness of the measures employed to maintain or enhance the identified conservation attributes.

Status of HCV 2016-2018 and details of HCV monitoring 2017-2018 is summarized as below.

Table 1: HCV status of Kapit FMU during an assessment conducted in 2016
Figure 1: HCV attributes identified in Kapit FMU during assessment conducted in 2016
Table 2: Status of HCV in Kapit FMU in 2018 and 2019
Figure 2: HCV attributes identified in Kapit FMU during assessment conducted in 2017-2018

HCV 1.1 – Protected Area

No

MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION

ACTION TAKEN

1 Demarcation of the buffer belt of 1 km width along the Malaysia – Indonesia International boundary. a)     The 1 km wide buffer along Malaysia – Indonesia international boundary has been mapped on General Harvesting Plan (GP) and approved by FDS.

b)     Mapping at detailed harvesting level and ground demarcation will be conducted at coupe 4 in 2022 and coupe 23 in 2042.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
2 Monitoring of perimeter of buffer belt to assess any signs of encroachment. a)     Helicopter monitoring along the FMU boundary has been conducted on 13-14 Aug 2018 and found that there are no activities occurring near the area.

HCV 1.2 – Rare, Threatened and Endangered (RTE) Species

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
3 Maintenance of the protection regime on protected species in accordance with Forest Department specifications. a)     Full implementation of RIL Guideline and in-house SOP to identify, mark/tagged (blue tag) and protect the Totally Protected and Protected Species listed under Wild Life Protection Ordinance from felling activities.

b)     This implementation has been conducted in Coupe 1 and also upcoming Coupe 2

4 Marking of identified protected trees during harvesting to prevent accidental felling.
5 Precautionary measures in assessing rare, threatened and endangered species in new coupes before harvesting.  Tree tagging of all trees to be harvested.
6 Training of field workers on recognition of protected species would further improve the determination of these species within the FMU. a)     Four (4) training session to identified RTE has been conducted.  The training was conducted in Melekun camp on 28th Nov 2016, Engkeramuh Camp on 29th Nov 2016 and 22 April 2017, and lastly at Forest Nursery camp on 21 May 2017.

b)     One (1) training session has been conducted the appointed Honorary Wildlife Ranger (HWR) on 18-21 September 2018.  The training was conducted by the Forest Department and Sarawak Forestry Corporation.

7 To educate the local communities on the need to protect such sites and wildlife. a)     Two briefing session has been conducted for the local community.  First was conducted during Community Representative Committee Meeting held on 20 Jan 2017 [SFM/COMMUNITY/(2b)] and one session was conducted at Rh. Ikau on 31st March 2017 [SFM/COMMUNITY/(3c)]

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
8 Opportunity monitoring of the presence of wildlife population during routine work by surveyors to assess the number of these species prior to forest harvesting. a)     Baseline information was also collected on information on Status of Mammal and Avifauna species and Recommendation for its management prepared by Mesra-Alam Consulting.

b)     Opportunity monitoring of the presence of wildlife population has been conducted during FRA sampling unit (SU) assessment.  The assessment of SU was completed in December 2018.

c)      Internal wildlife survey through opportunity monitoring was conducted by Conservation Officer of Sustainable Forest Management Department TAH on 18 May 2017.

d)     Rapid survey on the distribution of hornbill was jointly conducted with UNIMAS on 15-16 Aug 2018 covering three annual coupes.

9 Annual assessment of the effectiveness of protection prescription by analysis of data collected from monitoring. a)     Data from pre-harvest inventory has revealed that in coupe 25, there is averagely 1 protected tree/ha.

b)     Monitoring in Coupe 1 is still on-going.

10 Controlled entry to the FMU through the construction of gates would enhance the control of hunting activities. a)     Security gate has been established since March 2017, with two security guard recording entry of workers and the local community.

b)     In June, four (4) auxiliary police have been placed at the gate to improve FMU security.

c)      Based on new monitoring data collected from 2017-2018, there is a 50% decrease of a number of wildlife extracted and entry to the FMU by local hunters.

11 Establishment of Honorary Wildlife Rangers in detecting illegal activities and reporting to Forest Department. a)     Two (2) Honorary Wild Life Ranger has been appointed for Kapit FMU on 1st Aug 2017 via DF.681322/A(jld.7)-96.  The appointed staffs are Mr Chieng Muk Pang and Mr Ting Liong Wui.

b)     One (1) additional staffs have been trained to be Honorary Wild Life Ranger in 2018.

12 Camera traps to be installed for more accurate determination of RTE species. a)     Scientific Collaboration has been initiated between FMU and Department of Zoology, UNIMAS in the identification of Endangered, Rare and Threatened Medium to Large Terrestrial Mammals and their spatial Temporal Dynamics in Sustainably Manage Forest.

b)     A total of 46 camera traps has been installed in July 2017 covering three (3) coupes.  Coupe 14AR for the post-harvest area, Coupe 15AR for active harvesting area and FMU Coupe 01 for new coupe.

c)      Based on 2018 monitoring, a total of 44 species has been capture in camera traps photo in the pre-harvest, active harvesting and post-harvesting coupes.

HCV 1.3 – Endemic Species

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
13 To take a precautionary approach by conducting a more details study to confirm the presence of endemic species a)     Assessment of Flora species will be conducted during pre-harvest inventory

b)     As for fauna species, assessment is conducted through camera trapping installed in a new coupe as per item 12 b).

c)      Based on the new data obtained from camera trapping conducting with UNIMAS, this HCV has been identified as PRESENT.

d)     Based on the above findings, it has been recommended for the FMU to:

  • To gather more secondary/research data of the listed Endemic species to Borneo to determine the spatial and temporal concentration of the species.
  • Training sessions on the identification of Endangered Rare Threatened (ERT) species are maintained.
  • Continuous monitoring of the presence of wildlife especially endemic species in future harvesting coupe.

HCV 1.4 – Critical Temporal Use

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
14 Salt licks in Kapit FMU Coupe 01AR, 08AR and 09AR a)     Three (3) salt licks have been confirmed which is located in FMU Coupe 01, Coupe 08AR and Coupe 09AR.  Monitoring under collaboration with UNIMAS has been completed in early 2018.
15 For the protection of these salt licks an area of 100m X 100m shall be protected around it to prevent the visiting wildlife being disturbed. a)     Ground demarcation of the buffer zone (100m perimeter) for salt lick shall be conducted prior for harvesting operation.  Ground demarcation for salt lick located in FMU coupe 01 once the Detailed Harvesting Plan has been approved by SFC.
16 Demarcation only on maps and no signage shall be put up so not to attract hunters. a)     The buffer zone will be demarcated on maps and no signage shall be put up to indicate the location of a salt lick.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
17 Camera traps to be installed for more accurate determination and continuous monitoring of the population and diversity of wildlife. a)     Scientific Collaboration has been initiated between FMU and Department of Zoology, UNIMAS in the Spatial and Temporal dynamics of Wildlife in Salt Lick Areas, and The Dependency of Local Community on Wildlife and Natural Resources has been initiated.

b)     Consultation with communities of Rh. Ikau on the dependency of the local community in salt lick, wildlife and natural resources was conducted with UNIMAS on 25 Nov 2016

c)      15 Camera traps have been installed in the identified salt licks (5 camera for each salt lick) since Nov 2016 and monitoring on for coupe

d)     Monitoring for coupe 08 and 09 have been stopped and road access to the area has been decommissioned.  1-year camera trap data also suggested that no poaching in these two coupes.

e)     Monitoring in Salt lick located in Coupe 1 is still ongoing due to active harvesting activities.

18 Controlled entry to the FMU through the construction of gates and monitoring of people entering the FMU. a)     Same as the item listed in 10.
19 Establishment of Honorary Wildlife Rangers in detecting illegal activities and reporting to Forest Department. a)     Same as the item listed in 11.

HCV 3.0 – Threatened Ecosystem

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
20 Mapping to be completed of the Kerangas forest ecosystem. a)     The identified Kerangas Forest Ecosystem has been mapped in HCV map.
21 Demarcation on maps and ground. a)     Demarcation on the ground shall be conducted once the Detailed Harvesting Plan for coupe 21 for has been approved by SFC.
22 Its protection status shall be clearly stated in the DP.  Field workers would be instructed on avoiding any harvesting activities. a)     Protection status shall be clearly stated in the Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP).

b)     Instruction and ground demarcation of the area to avoid any harvesting activities in the area.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
23 Enhancement of the status by the establishment of inventory plots to assess the vegetation types to compare its unique features with established similar forest type. a)     For the time being, the area is not accessible.  Team of the surveyor is expected to do ground reconnaissance prior to the establishment of inventory plots.

b)     No encroachment captures during aerial monitoring on 13-14 August 2018.

HCV 4.1 – Water Catchment

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
24 Mapping to be completed and followed by demarcation on the ground in active areas a)     Initially, three (3) water catchment has been identified within Kapit FMU namely Melekun Camp (Hariwood Base camp), Forest Nursery Camp and Engkeramuh Base Camp.

b)     All water catchment has been mapped and re-demarcated for protection 18-20th May 2017.

c)      In June 2017, Melekun Camp has been abandon asthe operation moved to Engkeramuh camp.  The existing water catchment for Melekun Camp currently not in use.

d)     Review of HCV in 2018 has revealed that none of the above water catchment is gazetted water catchment therefor the FMU decided to protect such catchment under Principle 6 of the MC&I (Natural Forest)

e)     HCV 4.1 has been reclassified as ABSENT.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
25 Annual monitoring of boundary and signage a)     Boundary and signage monitoring on three-water catchment were conducted on 18-20th May 2017.

b)     Review of HCV in 2018 has revealed that none of the above water catchment is gazetted water catchment therefor the FMU decided to protect such catchment under Principle 6 of the MC&I (Natural Forest)

HCV 4.2 – Erosion Control

HCV 4.2 Forest Critical to erosion control was initially identified as ABSENT in Kapit FMU.  However, based on a comment from WWF-Malaysia and recently approved updated General Harvesting Plan dated 28 January 2019 with ref no (II)JHS/600-3/7/110/Jld.2 has revealed approximate 500ha of localised Terrain IV area.  With reference to HCV toolkit for Malaysia 2009, areas classified as Terrain IV in Sarawak is shall be demarcated for soil protection and conservation

HCV MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION
4.2 Terrain Class IV area are mapped and included in the Detail Harvesting Plan
Terrain Class IV shall also be mapped in the Comprehensive Harvesting Plan
Avoid the construction of new skid trails inside the steep area. Reuse existing infrastructure (i.e. road and skid trail)

The terrain IV has already been identified and mapped in the Approved General Harvesting Plan (GP).  The terrain IV subsequently shall also be mapped in the Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) at the annual coupe level and also for the Comprehensive Harvesting Plan (CHP) at the block level.  The terrain IV shall be identified and confirmed its location on the ground and demarcate for Protection and Conservation as HCV 4.2 using blue paint.

Under the RIL Prescription, ground-based harvesting using crawler tractor is restricted to slopes of less than 35o. harvesting of timber in steep slope (>35o) area can be harvested if Heli logging or some form of cable yarding system is being adopted.

HCV MONITORING RECOMMENDATION
4.2 Close monitoring of Terrain Class IV area during harvesting activity to ensure no encroachment to the area.

HCV 5.0 – Basic Need of Local Communities

From the Kapit HCV report, system tagang has been identified as in the HCV 6: The Cultural Identity of the local community.  The sistem tagang is an Agriculture Department project with local to protect and conserve the river system.  It aims to raise awareness about the conservation and commitment of local communities to increase river fish production for food and encourage ecotourism.  In addition, it also establishes a responsible attitude in preventing, controlling and reducing river pollution to preserve the environment for future generations (Department of Agriculture Sarawak).  One river in Kapit FMU located in FMU Coupe 15 namely Sistem Tagang Sg Plak Gerugu owns by Rh. Undi.  The sistem tagang is reclassified as PRESENT under HCV 5.

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
26 Joint community mapping to determine sites and boundary marking. a)     Joint ground demarcation of Sistem Tagang Sg Plak Gerugu will be conducted before commencement of harvesting in Coupe 15

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
27 Annual monitoring of boundary and signage a)     Boundary and signage for the SA area identified in Coupe 15AR were monitored and demarcated.

HCV 6.0 – Cultural Importance of Local Communities

In Kapit FMU HCV report, sistem tagang is identified as HCV 6 but reidentified as HCV 5 after monitoring evaluation. For the moment there is no claim and identify of HCV 6 in the FMU. The continuous consultation with local to identify the HCV 6 and to record of any finding of HCV 6 is continuous coupe by coupe to avoid the encroachment in such as area beside to incorporate the site in HCV.

Updated Apr 2019