HCV

SUMMARY OF MONITORING FOR IDENTIFIED HIGH CONSERVATION VALUE (HCV) ATTRIBUTES

(PERIOD JAN-DEC 2019)

As part of the forest management certification process, Kapit FMU had to identify High Conservation Value sites as to provide management and monitoring recommendations to ensure that the forestry activities do not negatively impact HCVs attributes that were present. This assessment was conducted accordance to the Malaysian Toolkit for HCVF and Pro-forest Toolkit to interpret HCV definitions.

Under the Forest Management Certification under Criterion 9.4 which required the FMU to conduct annual monitoring to assess the effectiveness of the measures employed to maintain or enhance the identified conservation attributes.

Status of HCV 2016-2018 and details of HCV monitoring 2018-2019 is summarized as below.

Table 1: HCV status of Kapit FMU during an assessment conducted in 2016
Figure 1: HCV attributes identified in Kapit FMU during assessment conducted in 2016

Refer to the result of management and effective monitoring of 2019, there is no adjustment on the management and effective monitoring recommendation.  The previous management and effective monitoring recommendation are relevant to follow in 2020. Besides that, HCV status 2020 has remained the same as in 2019

Table 2: Status of HCV in Kapit FMU in 2018 and 2019

HCV 1.1 – Protected Area

No

MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION

ACTION TAKEN

1 Demarcation of the buffer belt of 1 km width along the Malaysia – Indonesia International boundary. a)     The 1 km wide buffer along Malaysia – Indonesia international boundary has been mapped on General Harvesting Plan (GP) and approved by FDS.

b)     Mapping at detailed harvesting level and ground demarcation will be conducted at coupe 4 in 2022 and coupe 23 in 2042.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
2 Monitoring of perimeter of buffer belt to assess any signs of encroachment. a)     No encroachment indicated during aerial monitoring on 30th October 2019.

HCV 1.2 – Rare, Threatened and Endangered (RTE) Species

Flora

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
3 Maintenance of the protection regime on protected species in accordance with Forest Department specifications. a)     Included in RIL SOP namely Implementation of Pre-Harvest Inventory (TA-SOP-RIL-02). Protected species tag as PT (Protected Tree).
4 Marking of identified protected trees during harvesting to prevent accidental felling. a)     Direction felling included in Implementation of Pre-Harvest Inventory (TA-SOP-RIL-02) internal SOP.
5 The 100% inventory of harvestable trees during pre-harvesting operation to prevent accidental felling. a)     The 100% enumeration conducted including the identification of Protected Tree (PT). PT will be tagged using a blue tag and mapped in Tree for Protection map.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
6 Pre-harvest, harvest and post-harvest monitoring. a)   0.81 tree/ha of the protected tree in FMU Coupe 01 as enumeration record in 2019.

Fauna

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
7 Establishment of Honorary Wildlife Rangers (HWLR) in detecting illegal activities and reporting to Forest Department. a)     Three (3) persons of HWLR was appointed for Kapit FMU.
8 Continuous monitoring of the presence of wildlife especially at the new coupe. a)     Wildlife survey conducted on 24th – 26th July 2019 at Coupe 25, 01 and 02.

b)     Continuous of camera trapping monitoring at Coupe 24.

9 Training sessions on the identification of Endangered Rare Threatened (ERT) species are maintained. a)     Conducted on 23rd – 24th July 2019 at Engkeramuh Camp.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
10 Controlled entry to the FMU through the construction of gates would enhance the control of hunting activities. a)     A continuous record of entry by the local community and deter entry for an outsider.
11 Establishment of Honorary Wildlife Rangers in detecting illegal activities and reporting to Forest Department. a)     Patrolling and awareness activity conducted on 25th – 26th February 2019 by Honorary Wildlife Ranger and no illegal activities detected.
12 Camera traps to be installed for more accurate determination of RTE species. a)     21 species of wildlife observed during wildlife opportunity survey conducted on 24th – 26th July 2019 at Coupe 25, 01 and 02.

HCV 1.3 – Endemic Species

Management

Kapit FMU protects its endemic flora through the implementation of Standard Operating Procedure for Pre-harvest Inventory (TA-SOP-RIL-02) whereby endemic species found in Kapit FMU such as Ficus chaii, Shorea disper, Shorea raundifolia and Shoreea woodii is tagged with a blue tag for protection during felling activities.  The FMU has also a general prescription to protect all fig and 7 species of engkabang tree found in FMU as they are generally listed as Protected species in the Wild Life Protection Ordinance.

Monitoring

Records collected during pre-harvest inventory, the common endemic species are ficus sp and Engkabang protected during pre-harvest inventory and also during the harvesting operation.

The study conducted by UNIMAS on fauna in 2016-2019, endemic species such as Borneo gibbon, bay cat, maroon and white-fronted langur is found in Kapit FMU.

HCV 1.4 – Critical Temporal Use

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
13 Identified salt lick marked in maps but not on site. No harvesting permitted within the 1 ha protected are or 60m from the parameter of a salt lick. No signage on the site. a)     Location of salt lick marked in the map and 100m radius of a protected area/buffer zone.

 

14 Identification of nesting sites before the harvesting process in future coupes. a)     The nesting tree incorporated in the RIL SOP to protect such a tree.
15 Controlled entry to the FMU through the construction of gates would enhance the control of hunting activities. a)     Gate control not effective to control hunting at the salt lick.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION OUTCOME STATUS
16 Camera traps to be installed for more accurate determination. a)     Identified salt lick is active and important for wildlife.

HCV 3.0 – Threatened Ecosystem

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
17 Demarcation on maps and ground. a)     Kerangas forest located in Coupe 21 has been mapped in HCV map at GP level.

Monitoring

No monitoring was done at Heath Forest for the time being as no accessibility to the location and no potential threat is occurring in the area.

HCV 4.1 – Water Catchment

HCV 4.1 were identified as absent in Kapit FMU as no gazettement of water catchment inside or adjacent of the FMU. Besides that, it was located outside the 8km radius of Kapit Water Supply intake point and not within the gazetted area for watershed protection.

HCV 4.2 – Erosion Control

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
18 Terrain Class IV area are mapped and included in the Detailed Harvesting Plan and no logging tractor-bases operation is allowed in Terrain Class IV. a)     The Terrain Class IV was mapped in DP of Coupe 01 map.

 

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
19 Close monitoring of Terrain Class IV area during harvesting activity. a)     No encroachment found at the Terrain Class IV during the operation.

 HCV 5.0 – Basic Need of Local Communities

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
20 Joint community mapping to determine sites and boundary marking. a)     No HCV 5 identified at Coupe 01.

Monitoring

No monitoring conducted on the identified HCV 5 for 2019 because there is no threat to the site for the time being. The threat of HCV 5 is to avoid the encroachment by the FMU to the site.

HCV 6.0 – Cultural Identity of Local Communities

During the initial assessment, HCV 6 was identified as potentially present in Kapit FMU. From the consultation conducted from 2017 to 2019 in the FMU, there is no HCV 6 found within FMU production area. However, the FMU is committed to continuously identify and verify such site within the FMU through consultation with the communities.

(Updated by SFM 11 Aug 2020)