MONITORING PERIOD JAN-DEC 2020

As part of the forest management certification process, Kapit FMU had to identify High Conservation Value sites as to provide management and monitoring recommendations to ensure that the forestry activities do not negatively impact HCVs attributes that were present. This assessment was conducted accordance to the Malaysian Toolkit for HCVF and Pro-forest Toolkit to interpret HCV definitions.

Under the Forest Management Certification under Criterion 9.4 which required the FMU to conduct annual monitoring to assess the effectiveness of the measures employed to maintain or enhance the identified conservation attributes.

Status of HCV and details of HCV monitoring 2020 is summarized as below.

Table 1: HCV status of Kapit FMU during an assessment conducted in 2016
Figure 1: HCV attributes identified in Kapit FMU during assessment conducted in 2016

Refer to the result of management and effective monitoring of 2019, there is no adjustment on the management and effective monitoring recommendation.  The previous management and effective monitoring recommendation are relevant to follow in 2020. Besides that, HCV status 2020 has remained the same as in 2019.

Table 2: Status of HCV in Kapit FMU in 2018 and 2019

HCV 1.1 – Protected Area

HCV 1.1
MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Demarcation of the buffer belt of 1 km width along the Malaysia – Indonesia International boundary.The 1 km wide buffer along Malaysia – Indonesia international boundary has been mapped on General Harvesting Plan (GP) and approved by FDS.

Mapping at detailed harvesting level and ground demarcation will be conducted at coupe 4 in 2022 and coupe 23 in 2042.
Progressively ground demarcate the 1km wide buffer belt as pre-harvest operation approaching the annual coupeGround demarcation will be conducted once the respective Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and PEC has been approved by forest agencies.
HCV 1.1
MONITORING RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Monitoring of perimeter of buffer belt and any signs of encroachment.No encroachment indicated during aerial monitoring on 24th July 2020.

HCV 1.2 – Rare, Threatened and Endangered (RTE) Species

Flora

HCV 1.2
MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Maintenance of the protection regime on protected species in accordance with Forest Department specifications.Included in RIL SOP namely Implementation of Pre-Harvest Inventory (TA-SOP-RIL-02). Protected species tag as PT (Protected Tree).
Marking of identified protected trees during harvesting to prevent accidental felling.Direction felling included in Implementation of Pre-Harvest Inventory (TA-SOP-RIL-02) internal SOP.
The 100% inventory of harvestable trees during pre-harvesting operation to prevent accidental felling.The 100% enumeration conducted including the identification of Protected Tree (PT). PT will be tagged using a blue tag and mapped in Tree for Protection map.
Establishment of Honorary Wildlife Rangers (HWLR) in detecting illegal activities and reporting to Forest Department.Wildlife Rangers patrolling and awareness program has been conducted on 26th – 28th October 2020. No illegal hunting was detected.

Apply with Forest Department Sarawak (FDS) on reappointment of three (3) Honorary Wild Life Ranger for Kapit FMU – Mr. Ting Liong Wui, Mr. Chieng Muk Pang and Mr Asang. Memo ref: SFM/MM/2021/02 dated 4th Jan 2021.
Continuous monitoring of the presence of wildlife especially at the new coupe.In 2020, fauna species monitoring in Kapit FMU were done through monitoring using camera trap before the commencement of logging operation in Coupe 02AR.

Out of 19 fauna species, 16 species were categories as RTE species and three species recorded are endemic to Borneo. Three new bird species were recorded which is species from the family Phasianidae and one species from Accipitridae.
Training sessions on the identification of Endangered Rare Threatened (ERT) species are maintained.Conducted on 16th – 18th March 2020 at Engkeramuh Camp.
HCV 1.2
MONITORING RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Controlled entry to the FMU through the construction of gates would enhance the control of hunting activities.In 2020, 80 successful NTFP collecting recorded at Kapit FMU and decrease 54% compared to 2019. From the record, 89% of NTFP is for sell and 11% for their consumption.
Establishment of Honorary Wildlife Rangers in detecting illegal activities and reporting to Forest Department.Wildlife Rangers patrolling and awareness program has been conducted on 26th – 28th October 2020. No illegal hunting was detected.

Apply with Forest Department Sarawak (FDS) on reappointment of three (3) Honorary Wild Life Ranger for Kapit FMU – Mr. Ting Liong Wui, Mr. Chieng Muk Pang and Mr Asang. Memo ref: SFM/MM/2021/02 dated 4th Jan 2021.
Camera traps to be installed for more accurate determination of RTE species.Monitoring using camera traps before the commencement of logging operation in Coupe 2  
A total of 19 fauna species was recorded. Out of 19 fauna species, 16 species were categories as RTE species.

Wildlife monitoring at salt lick Coupe 01AR
A total of 8 fauna species were recorded where seven species are categories as RTE species.

HCV 1.3 – Endemic Species

HCV 1.3 Management

Kapit FMU protects its endemic flora through the implementation of Standard Operating Procedure for Pre-harvest Inventory (TA-SOP-RIL-02) whereby endemic species found in Kapit FMU such as Ficus chaii, Shorea disper, Shorea raundifolia and Shoreea woodii is tagged with a blue tag for protection during felling activities.  The FMU has also a general prescription to protect all fig and 7 species of engkabang tree found in FMU as they are generally listed as Protected species in the Wild Life Protection Ordinance.

HCV 1.3 Monitoring

Records collected during pre-harvest inventory, the common endemic species are ficus sp and Engkabang protected during pre-harvest inventory and also during the harvesting operation.

Based on the wildlife monitoring conducted last year, a total of 19 fauna species was recorded from the wildlife monitoring using camera trap before the commencement of logging operation in Coupe 02AR. Out of 19 fauna species, 16 species were categories as RTE species and three species recorded are endemic to Borneo.

Meanwhile, wildlife monitoring using camera trap at salt lick Coupe 01AR has recorded a total of 8 fauna species where seven species are categories as RTE species and one endemic species to Borneo.

HCV 1.4 – Critical Temporal Use

HCV 1.4
MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Identified salt lick marked in maps but not on site. No harvesting permitted within the 1 ha protected are or 60m from the parameter of a salt lick. No signage on the site.Location of salt lick marked in the map and 100m radius of a protected area/buffer zone.
Identification of nesting sites before the harvesting process in future coupes.The nesting tree incorporated in the RIL SOP to protect such a tree.
Controlled entry to the FMU through the construction of gates would enhance the control of hunting activities.In 2020, 80 successful NTFP collecting recorded at Kapit FMU. 80% is entry using a pickup truck and 12% by motorcycle. From the record, 89% of NTFP is for sell and 11% for their consumption. In 2019, a total of 174 successful NTFP collecting recorded, and a decrease of 54% in the year 2020.
HCV 1.4
MONITORING RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Camera traps to be installed for more accurate determination.Wildlife monitoring using camera trap at salt lick Coupe 01AR has recorded a total of 8 fauna species where seven species are categories as RTE species and one endemic species to Borneo.

HCV 3.0 – Threatened Ecosystem

HCV 3.0
MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Demarcation on maps and ground.Kerangas forest located in Coupe 21 has been mapped in HCV map at GP level.

HCV3.0 Monitoring

No monitoring was done at Heath Forest for the time being as no accessibility to the location and no potential threat is occurring in the area.

HCV 4.2 – Erosion Control

HCV 4.2
MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Terrain Class IV area are mapped and included in the Detailed Harvesting Plan and no logging tractor-bases operation is allowed in Terrain Class IV.For the year 2020, a total of 16.4 ha of Terrain Class IV (HCV 4.2) located in Coupe 03AR Block 12 has been verified during the pre-harvest operation and demarcated on the ground based on the DP map.  The actual perimeter track of this Terrain IV was recorded using GPS and will be mapped on the Comprehensive Harvesting Plan (CHP) map of Coupe 03, Block 12 for protection during the harvesting operation.
HCV 4.2
MONITORING RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Close monitoring of Terrain Class IV area during harvesting activity.The monitoring only could be conducted when the harvesting commenced in 2021.

 

HCV 5.0 – Basic Need of Local Communities

HCV 4.2
MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION
ACTION TAKEN
Joint community mapping to determine sites and boundary marking.No HCV 5 identified at Coupe 02 and Coupe 03.

HCV 5: Monitoring

No monitoring conducted on the identified HCV 5 for 2020 because there is no threat to the site for the time being. The threat of HCV 5 is to avoid encroachment by the FMU to the site.

HCV 6.0 – Cultural Identity of Local Communities

During the initial assessment, HCV 6 was identified as potentially present in Kapit FMU. From the consultation conducted from February and September 2020 in the FMU, there is no HCV 6 found within FMU production area. However, the FMU is committed to continuously identify and verify such site within the FMU through consultation with the communities.

Last updated on 27 Oct 2021