1 Yield of forest product Log production summary.
  • Total Log Production YTD 73, 311m3.
2 Growth rates Summary of reassessment of PSP’s since establishment
  • The analysis of growth rate was not conducted in 2020 as SFC was unable to re-visit and assess the established PSP due to the implementation of Movement Control Order (MCO). Therefore, the previous measurement data and analysis in 2020 will be used as reference.

a) Periodic Annual Increment (PAI)

  • Overall- 0.47cm/year
  • Dipterocarp- 0.53cm/year
  • Non Dipterocarp- 0.40cm/year

b) Mortality Rate for 2 years

  • Overall- 4.99%
  • Dipterocarp- 3.85%
  • Non Dipterocarp- 10.99%

c) Forest Regeneration

  • Average density of seedlings and saplings were 15,000 stems/ha for Dipterocarps and 42,100 stems/ha for Non-Dipterocarps.
3 Forest regeneration Species composition and no. of sapling recorded


4 Forest Condition Diameter distribution and forest quality
5 Composition of Flora and Fauna List of flora and fauna found in FMU


  • The composition of flora for 2020 is yet to be completed as the enumeration work is still in progress in Coupe 03AR. Therefore data in Coupe 01AR and 02AR still be used.


  • Analysis conducted based on pre-harvest inventory in Coupe 01 AR and Coupe 02 AR.  Total area assessed 9,219 ha.
  • 55% of enumerated stand are from Dipterocarpaceae.


  • Two (2) assessment of wildlife has been conducted at Kapit FMU in 2020.
  • In 2020, three (3) new bird species were recorded at Coupe 02AR. Overall, a total of 39 species of bird class recorded in Kapit FMU.
  • As of 2020, Kapit FMU has no additional wildlife species was recorded. The list of wildlife species remained with 40 species of mammals, reptilia 3 and insecta 1 with a total of 83 species.
6 Changes in Flora and Fauna Number and abundance of species found in FMU and comparison between earlier and recent assessment
  • Study on changes of flora composition for 2020 is yet to be completed as the enumeration work is still in progress in Coupe 03AR. Therefore, data from 2019 still be used.


  • Timber species composition assessed during pre-harvest inventory in coupe 01AR and Coupe 02AR.
  • There were slight difference in the composition of dipterocarp and non-dipterocarp (58% dip and 42% non-dip in coupe 01AR, 52% dip and 48% non-dip in coupe 2AR).


  • Based on the wildlife monitoring study before the commencement of logging operation at Coupe 2, changes of fauna are yet to be determined as the comparison data will only available in 2021/2022.
  • As for the wildlife monitoring at salt lick Coupe 01AR, no change of fauna found at the salt lick from 2016-2020.
7 Environmental Impacts of Forest Operation Harvesting Impact
  • To date, Kapit FMU has completed the assessment in Block 1, 3 and 29 of Coupe 02AR.
  • Logging damage average for the 3 blocks is recorded at 27% of the total assessed trees in the assessment plots.
  • 60.6% of the residual stands has no damage recorded.
Environmental Compliance Audit (ECA)


  • 2nd ECA for the year 2019/2020 was successfully performed in September 2020 and passed the Environmental Compliance Audit Pilot Project with the achievement of 83 compliances (94%).
8 Social Impact of Forest Operation Evidence of FPIC and joint identification of special sites for native
  • Two (2) consultations have been conducted with local community in February and September of 2020 on the traditional knowledge.
Evidence of provision of SCR / Community services
  • YTD, the FMU spent RM86,100 for the education fund, donation for festival celebration, funeral aid and etc.
Number of forest encroachment by local community
  • YTD, detected five (5) encroachments from seven (7) patrolling conducted. Actions had been taken by reported to Forest Department, Kapit region.
Number of complaint, disputes and conflict encountered with directly affected native
  • YTD, no complaint, disputes and conflict encountered with directly affected native recorded.
Number of property damage
  • YTD, no property damage recorded.
9 Occupational Safety and Health Number of serious accident per annum
  • Recorded one (1) fatal accident and two (2) serious accidents recorded. All incidents were reported to DOSH through JKKP 6.
Number of minor accident per annum
  • Three (3) minor accidents recorded in 2020.
Number of near miss incident per annum
  • No near miss incident recorded.
10 Cost of forest management Harvesting cost per ha
  • Average cost of harvesting (felling and extraction) RM73.21/m3.
Administration / overhead cost per ha
  • Average cost of administration RM1,688.72/ha.
11 Productivity of forest management Harvested area per annum
  • YTD, total 2,004 ha had been harvested.
12 Forest Protection Number of forest encroachment per annum.
  • YTD, detected five (5) encroachments from seven (7) patrollings conducted. Actions had been taken by reported to Forest Department, Kapit region.
13 Efficiency of forest management Machine productivity by contractor (production / machine hour, production / machine / month)  

  • Excavator Wincher – 466 m3/unit/month
  • Tractor (Skidder) – 462 m3/unit/month
  • Logging truck – 492 m3/unit/month
Total harvesting cost per m3 delivered to log yard.
  • Average harvesting cost per m3 delivered to log pond is RM255/m3.
Cost of enrichment planting per ha
  • In 2020, no enrichment planting was conducted at Kapit FMU.
Cost of road maintenance per km.
  • Average cost of road maintenance RM2,249/km.

updated 15 Mar 2021